Happy Mawlid/Happy Birthday Prophet Muhammad, Sunni and Ibadi Muslims!

A Peice of Muslim Symbolism often assosiated with Muhhammad.
A Peice of Muslim Symbolism often assosiated with Muhhammad.

Today is the Day Ibadi and Sunni Muslims celebrate the birth of the Prophet Muhammad.  12 Rabi’ al-awwal is the date on the Muslim Calendar, which in 2019 is the equivalent to November 10 (Muslim Calendar is different than Gregorian Calendar,  and is a little shorter). This can be considered a tiny bit like Christmas for Muslims. Muhammad was a huge historical figure to the opinion of most people who study history, and to some the most important religious figure. I am going to try to make a secular article explaining who the Prophet Muhammad is. I will also make an article on 17 Rabi’ al-awwal, which is when the Shia Muslims celebrate it. And to my comrades from the US, no, he is not all bad.

Disclaimer: THESE ARE NOT MY RELIGIOUS VIEWS, I AM JUST EXPLAINING WHO MUHAMMAD IS AND WHAT PEOPLE THINK, THESE ARE NOT MOSTLY MY IDEAS, I AM JUST EXPLAINING THE HOLIDAY AND PERSON.

Who was the Prophet Muhammad?

Islam Under Muhammad
Islam Under Muhammad

Muhammad was the founder of Islam. He was Born Around 570CE under the name Muḥammad ibn ʿAbdullāh in the city of Mecca. His parents died when he was 6, then he was raised by paternal grandfather and then later his uncle.  When he grew up he was a merchant for a while. He was born into a clan of the Quraysh Tribe, one of the richest tribes in Arabia. He had a pretty normal life until around the age 40, he claimed being visited by Gabriel, an important religious person who gave him “his first revelation with Allah”. 3 Years later, he started spreading his words in 610CE. This was a time when his tribe was mostly polytheistic, and disagreed heavily with the things Muhammad said. When he started to get a bug following, he was expelled from Mecca, and went to a city named Medina in 622CE. This marks the beginning of the Islamic Calendar. At the time there were lots of Jews in the city, but most of the non-Jews converted to Islam pretty quick. He fought Meccan tribes occasionally until in December 629CE, he had an army of over 10 000 people who marched their and took the city with little conflict. While they were taking the city, some of the soldiers went around the Kaaba  7 times, this lead to the holiday Hajj, which is a pilgrimage to the Kaaba that all Muslims must take if they are able to. After the conquest, Muhammad went into the Kaaba, which is a building where they stored religious idols, and was disgusted, he hated how there were multiple gods, and thought that there was only 1 god, Allah, who could not be idolised. So he and some of his soldiers destroyed all of the statues of the other gods. After Mecca fell, the Muslims  sent an ultimatum to all the other Arabic tribes, saying to either join, or that they would fight, most joined. Muhammad left Mecca 632CE, and died a few Months Later. There are no reliable depictions of him, as Islam is against idolisation. By the time he had died most of the Arabia was part of his empire. He then had 3 successors and it became known as the Rashidun.

 

Legacy

Spread of Islam
Spread of Islam, and all the Muslim Caliphates

The Rashidun would eventually after a power struggle become the Umayyad Caliphate, which would end up taking all of Persia, Arabia, The Middle East, Egypt, Northern Africa, and Most of Iberia. The biggest achievements was how easily they defeated the Persian and Roman Empires. The Roman Empire Still existed, but was severely weakened, while the Persian Empire was completely invaded. The Umayyads had significant scientific advances and were ahead of their time in many ways. After a civil war, the Abbasid Caliphate, and many smaller Muslim states arose (The Umayyads still remained in Iberia). This empire lasted a long time until Mongol Conquest , but was revived in Egypt after the Mongols declined and lasted until the 1500’s CE. The Seljuk Turks were another Muslim Empire, while not a caliphate, that played a big role. They were able to conquer much of Anatolia from the Romans. After the Seljuk Turks were conquered by the Mongols, they split up, and one of the states that came out of the Split up would eventually become known as the Ottoman Empire.  The Ottoman Empire is considered a Caliphate as well, and they played a big role as they were able to finally conquer the Roman Empire.  The Ottoman Empire was eventually after Centuries of Decline, broken up after the end of the Great War and became the Republic of Turkey, which still exists today, although the term Caliphate is no longer used by them. They were a big part of the trading that happened from Asia to Europe. The Islamic State also claims to be a Caliphate, though this is heavily debated and hardly recognised by anyone outside of the Islamic State. Today Over 1,9 Billion people are Muslim, and they are expected to Beat Christianity as the largest religion by 2100CE. The Muslims for almost a Millennium were some of the most scientific and advanced, and Islam brought together many tribes of people.

 

Ignorance and Later Hate from the West

Anti-Muslim Protest from Australia
Anti-Muslim Protest from Australia

As Muslim states started to decline, they were not quite as relevant and not talked about or taught about in schools. Most people in the west had little idea what Muslims were until 911. After 911 and the eventual war on terror, many people had a negative view on Islam. Islam started to be associated with terrorism rather than a religion like it really is. Islam is not a hateful religion, there are just people who do violent acts under the name of Islam, people did things the same under Christianity. Christianity is no better than Islam in that it is not a violent religion. Muslims are just like any other people, they just like to worship their religion like any other people, but some people take it to the extreme and do violent stuff that they do not need to do to spread their religion.

Antifa Are not Terrorists

AntiFa Enlgish Logo
Antifa Logo in English

People often call Antifa a terrorist organisation. This is not correct for multiple reasons. Antifa can stand for Anti-Fascist, Anti-Fascism, or Anti-Fascist Action (on their flag). First of all, Antifa is an idea, not a centralised organisation; you cannot join a centralised group known as “antifa” that covers all of the members of antifa. If someone says they are a member of antifa, they most likely mean that they identify with the idea and maybe sometimes protest or advocate in other ways. You may also be part of a group that identifies as part as antifa, but in no way are they “official” antifa.

Not all people who identify with antifa are violent people who go on the streets and beat people up and do damage to property. Many people who identify as antifa are people who advocate online, people who do peaceful protests, people who argue against fascism or other authoritarian ideas, or just some one who does not like fascism or similar ideologies. Just being against fascism can make you an anti-facist.

 

The reason antifa sometimes damages property is because many of them are leftist. Many people who are on the far left generally disagree with having private property. They agree with personal property, but not private property. They see land owned by some rich person as private property. Personal property is stuff that you use for yourself, such as your tooth brush, you phone (in most cases), food, and other stuff that cannot be used to give yourself and advantage.

Not to mention that not all antifa protests actually hurt anyone, many of them are peaceful people just fighting for rights. Often times when someone is hurt, it is often a police officer or someone who they are protesting against (they often do counter protests). They see police as a threat to their freedom and that’s why they sometimes attack them. Sometimes they are only attacked because they came there or they came there and started to attack and stop the protesters who in some cases are not doing anything wrong, in fact, the police often seem to make the violence worse and cause up more trouble.

 

Not to mention that there has not been a recorded murder caused by antifa protest that I am aware of so far. If anyone has any evidence that shows otherwise, feel free to send we a link to a news article or video, and do the same if someone else says antifa has killed someone. This is a common myth that is going around.

Many revolutionaries like some people who consider themselves antifa believe that the state and bourgeoisie will not give up their position of power peacefully and that their would have to be some violence involved in order to bring about social change. Many violent protests lead to change, you just do not hear about them as often because you are discouraged by the state and bourgeoisie to do them. Look at the Latin American Revolutions, Haitian Revolution, Russian Revolution, and overthrow of the Shah. All these probably would not of been possible without violence.

 

Many say that Antifa are the real fascists because they use violence and that’s considered fascist. While authoritarians often use violence, they most often do it with the goal of controlling other people, while antifa in most cases is fighting against being controlled. Fascists are for control, while antifa are against control and are fighting against being controlled or people who want to eventually control them or help someone else control them. If there is no violence, then the state will feel free to control us more and more, and they are being violent for their own self-defence, sometimes it is hard to avoid hurting other people, you just got to stay away if you think you will get hurt.

Another misconception is that antifa thinks that they are strong and that they are in fact weak. This often comes from how they dress up and sometimes seem to look tough. Just because you cover your face does not mean you are tying to be tough, in fact, it can show that you are trying to hide you  face, this is because you may be afraid of what your government may do to you. Also doing violent acts does not mean you think you are tough, it just means you are doing violent acts. Antifa people are not any weaker than an average person, how does hiding yourselves or anything like that make you much weaker? It just means you fear a much stronger power, not that you are weak.

 

Similar to above, many people say that your ideology is bad if you have your face covered and often show pictures of antifa, the KKK, and other protesters. This does not make your idea bad, it just means that you are afraid people who do not like your idea are going to do something bad, or you may think it weakens chances in your life if a potential boss does not like your political beliefs (why many people do not talk about politics in general). It can be a sign of weakness to not talk about your political ideas in public, but considering that there is also stuff you can loose especially if your idea is uncommon, its not all that bad to hide yourself in some cases. The only reason I cover myself when I protest is because I do not want the state to try to get me in trouble, but I will happily fight for my ideas with you.

 

If we go to the definition of terrorism, there is often no universal meaning, though it is often “using violence or threats to influence politics or religion.” UK, US, and UN laws have similar definitions and are more specific and include to civilians, property, and the state in most cases.  While some people who are with antifa may do these things, they do not do it nearly as much as many governments do, such as the US, UK, and UN. The wars in the middle east that they create kill many civilians and destroy property there, and in most western European Countries and North America seem to think there countries are great. Police agencies terrorise much more than antifa does, and most people love the police in their countries.  The United States is Hypocritical when they call someone terrorists when the country was created because of “terrorism.”  ISIL are labelled terrorists by the United States, when most of the acts they did are done by the United States government. The United States destroys things like ISIL, they take land like ISIL, they kill people in these conflicts like ISIL, and so much more. The United States considered The People’s Democratic Republic of Korea a “rouge” state when they hardly attack anyone. So before you call Antifa terrorists, look at the country you live in, as there is a chance they are even worse.

 

 

Another less commonly seen definition for terrorism is “enemy of the state.”  But as in the example I showed you above, your government may not be all that great and you may want to rebel. I doubt the United States considers many of their founders terrorists when they were enemies of their government (The British Government at the time). This just shows the hypocrisy in the United States and other nations idea of what terrorism is. And what is even worse is punishing people for being “enemies of the state.”

 

Probably the biggest argument, is that just because a few people does something, does not make everyone in the group bad. Just like people from a different place than you. Maybe a person from some Asian country is stereotypically good at math, but that does not mean all or most actually are. Its just a few are and that’s the reputation people give them, not all stereotypes are true, and many are based on the examples that get the most publicity. Most people who identify with antifa do not go out and punch people, just some do and that’s the reputation they have gotten.

 

I hope to update this article in the future but hope it has cleared some things up for you.

Donald Trump Impeachment Inquiry

Picture of Trump Responding to Inquiry in South Florida
Picture of Trump Responding to Inquiry in South Florida

Recently Nancy Pelosi, the speaker for the House of Representatives for United States has been trying to impeach United States President Donald Trump. Apparently an anonymous whistle-blower reported Donald Trump abusing his power and trying to cover it up. Trump and his personal attorney possibly blackmailed president of Ukraine to investigate Joe Biden so he has less chance of winning the election, as well as his sun named Hunter. Ukrainian Advisers seemed like they agreed with the rumour.  Around the same time, Trump stopped aiding Ukraine’s military aid. The whistle-blower also accused the White House   of trying to cover up these calls. The part with the calls being hidden had been confirmed, and similar things have been done to Russian Federation and Saudi Arabia. According to some people who have been with Trump, these kinds of foreign interactions are “typical.” Trump has stated that he is not worried about interfering with the United States Election. This is not the 1st attempt to try to impeach Trump, some talk had begun even before he had taken office. Trump has done many impeachable actions and there was also suspicion that the Russians interfered with the 2016 election. One of the 1st attempts to impeach Trump was in his 1st year where it failed by a 58–364 margin because the House back then was mostly Republican. The last impeachment was run by 2 Democrats named Al Green and Brad Sherman. Things have changed since then, now Democrats have a lead in Representatives. 232 Democrats, 1 Republican, and 1 Independent support the impeachment inquiry. This number is a majority of the  of the House. Impeachment does not always mean you are taken out of office. Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton were impeached by remained in office. Richard Nixon resigned so he could not be taken out of office.  Some of Trumps business allies have stayed silent, according to AOL. Some of Trumps supporters do not seem to believe in the existence of the wrong doing or do not really care, some of his business allies have just stayed silent. Most of the people who funded his campaign still support him and some criticise the impeachment inquiry.  Trump also threatened that the stock market will go down if he is impeached. He also requested the full transcript on the incident be released by the White House. Trump’s financial situation is also largely unknown; It is largely estimated by Forbes that he has around 3,1 Billion USD. This number is largely debated though, some say he could be in debt. Public opinion in General favours impeachment from register voters. With many polls putting the support number at around 45% and 40% disfavour. The incident of impeachment has triggered memes, tweets, political discussion and much more from the public. Many other things done by Trump may influence the public’s decision such as ICE, the idea to build a wall, Tariffs, and so much more. Some say they think of Trump as a Neo-Nazi, and white nationalist, and other similar things.  The stock market looks like it may go into a recession soon and this may make Trump loose 2020 even if he is not taken out of office. We will have to see what information comes out in the following days, weeks, and months.